Today in history

Today in history

3114 BC – The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, used by several pre-Columbian Mesoamerican civilizations, notably the Mayans, begins.

11 August 2020 (MIA)

3114 BC – The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, used by several pre-Columbian Mesoamerican civilizations, notably the Mayans, begins.

2492 BC – Traditional date of the defeat of Bel by Hayk, progenitor and founder of the Armenian nation.

106 – The south-western part of Dacia (modern Romania) becomes a Roman province: Roman Dacia.

355 – Claudius Silvanus, accused of treason, proclaims himself Roman Emperor against Constantius II.

490 – Battle of Adda: The Goths under Theodoric the Great and his ally Alaric II defeat the forces of Odoacer on the Adda River, near Milan.

1332 – Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Dupplin Moor: Scots under Domhnall II, Earl of Mar are routed by Edward Balliol.

1473 – The Battle of Otlukbeli: Mehmed the Conqueror of the Ottoman Empire decisively defeats Uzun Hassan of Aq Qoyunlu.

1675 – Franco-Dutch War: Forces of the Holy Roman Empire defeat the French in the Battle of Konzer Brücke.

1786 – Captain Francis Light establishes the British colony of Penang in Malaysia.

1804 – Francis II assumes the title of first Emperor of Austria.

1812 – Peninsular War: French troops engage British-Portuguese forces in the Battle of Majadahonda.

1813 – In Colombia, Juan del Corral declares the independence of Antioquia.

1858 – The Eiger in the Bernese Alps is ascended for the first time by Charles Barrington accompanied by Christian Almer and Peter Bohren.

1898 – Spanish–American War: American troops enter the city of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.

1918 – World War I: The Battle of Amiens ends.

1919 – The constitution of the Weimar Republic is adopted.

1920 – The Latvian–Soviet Peace Treaty, which relinquished Russia’s authority and pretenses to Latvia, is signed, ending the Latvian War of Independence.

1929 – Babe Ruth becomes the first baseball player to hit 500 home runs in his career with a home run at League Park in Cleveland, Ohio.

1934 – The first civilian prisoners arrive at the Federal prison on Alcatraz Island.

1942 – Actress Hedy Lamarr and composer George Antheil receive a patent for a Frequency-hopping spread spectrum communication system that later became the basis for modern technologies in wireless telephones and Wi-Fi.

1945 – Poles in Krakow engage in a pogrom against Jews in the city, killing one and wounding five.

1947 – Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founding father of Pakistan, gives a speech to the Constituent Assembly, the contents and meaning of which remain contentious today.

1949 – United Nations Security Council Resolution 72 and 73 are adopted on Palestinian question.

1952 – Hussein bin Talal is proclaimed King of Jordan.

1959 – Sheremetyevo International Airport, the second-largest airport in Russia, opens.

1960 – Chad declares independence.

1961 – The former Portuguese territories in India of Dadra and Nagar Haveli are merged to create the Union Territory Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

1962 – Vostok 3 launches from the Baikonur Cosmodrome and cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev becomes the first person to float in microgravity.

1965 – Race riots (the Watts Riots) begin in the Watts area of Los Angeles, California.

1968 – The last steam hauled train runs on British Rail

1972 – Vietnam War: The last United States ground combat unit leaves South Vietnam.

1975 – East Timor: Governor Mário Lemos Pires of Portuguese Timor abandons the capital Dili, following a coup by the Timorese Democratic Union (UDT) and the outbreak of civil war between UDT and Fretilin.

1979 – Two Aeroflot Tupolev Tu-134s collide over the Ukrainian city of Dniprodzerzhynsk and crash, killing all 178 aboard both airliners.

1982 – A bomb explodes on Pan Am Flight 830, en route from Tokyo, Japan to Honolulu, Hawaii, killing one passenger and injuring 15 others.

1984 – “We begin bombing in five minutes”: United States President Ronald Reagan, while running for re-election, jokes while preparing to make his weekly Saturday address on National Public Radio.

1992 – Macedonia’s Parliament adopts the flag and anthem of the Republic. The flag, featuring a 16-ray yellow sun over a red background, is later replaced by a different sun symbol as part of the Interim Accord with Greece in 1995.

1993 – Pakistan recognizes the Republic of Macedonia.

1995 – A subway accident in Toronto kills three and injures thirty.

1999 – The Salt Lake City Tornado tears through the downtown district of the city, killing one.

2003 – NATO takes over command of the peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, marking its first major operation outside Europe in its 54-year-history.

2003 – Jemaah Islamiyah leader Riduan Isamuddin, better known as Hambali, is arrested in Bangkok, Thailand.

2006 – The oil tanker M/T Solar 1 sinks off the coast of Guimaras and Negros Islands in the Philippines, causing the country’s worst oil spill.

2012 – At least 306 people are killed and 3,000 others injured in a pair of earthquakes near Tabriz, Iran.

2015 – For the first time in Major League Baseball history, all 15 home teams won their game. Prior to this happening, the record was 12 which was reached over a century ago in 1914.

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